PERFORMANCE AND LICENSING INFORMATION
The Leonard Bernstein Office, Inc., primarily through its agents, issues a wide variety of licenses for the use of the Leonard Bernstein's Broadway works, concert compositions, audio and video recordings, books, lectures, and other writings. The use of Bernstein's works is governed by existing contracts, commitments, and artistic policy, so you should enquire about the availability of rights early in your planning.
Most licenses for the live performance of Leonard Bernstein's music may be obtained directly from the music publisher, performing rights society, or the theatrical agent. Other licenses requests must be submitted by our agents to us for approval: these include all arrangements, changes or cuts to his compositions or theater works, concerts consisting entirely of music from his Broadway shows, the use of choreography, and the use of individual songs in theatrical productions, and all uses of his compositions in TV, film and video.
Below you will find guidelines for specific types of uses. You will also find contact information listed with the particular in the composition catalog. Please note that these are guidelines only, and it is always best to enquire early to avoid any chance of having to cancel a project after you have invested time or money.
LEONARD BERNSTEIN'S COMPOSITIONS AND THEATER WORKS
Broadway Musicals: for a staged performance of a musical contact theatrical agent listed in the composition catalog. Most the Broadway musicals (but not West Side Story) are available for full concert performance through the theatrical agent.
Orchestral performances of concert works or of individual numbers from a theater work: contact Boosey and Hawkes.
Reviews or concerts of Bernstein's theatrical songs: contact Boosey & Hawkes. As a general guideline you may not use more than three songs from any one show or put the songs in a dramatic context without permission.
Recitals from purchased music: most recitals are licensed through a performing rights society, in the US through ASCAP. Contact Boosey and Hawkes if you have any questions.
Arrangements: for permission to make an arrangement, contact Boosey & Hawkes.
Choreography: for permission to make new choreography to Bernstein's compositions, contact Boosey & Hawkes. Certain works are not available for new choreography. Any requests to use Jerome Robbins' choreography to Leonard Bernstein's music must be addressed first to The Robbins Rights Trust. Once that permission is secured, permission to use the music (even on recording) must be obtained from Boosey & Hawkes.
Making Audio Recordings
In order to use Bernstein's compositions in an audio recording, you must obtain a mechanical license. Mechanical license fees are based on the length of the song and the number of recordings manufactured. For recordings manufactured within the United States, mechanical licenses can be obtained through the Harry Fox Agency. HFA has established the www.songfile.com website for those wishing to manufacture audio recordings in small, limited quantities. Outside the United States, mechanical licenses are usually available from the country's mechanical rights society. Universal Music Publishing administers the vast majority of Bernstein's compositions (on behalf of the Leonard Bernstein Music Publishing Company), and should be contacted if any clarification is needed for your mechanical license application.
If you are performing music using materials rented from Boosey and Hawkes, or if you are making an orchestral recording of any kind, you must obtain their permission for the use of the orchestral materials in the audio recording.
To make an archival recording of a live concert performance, contact Boosey & Hawkes. Permission to make archival recordings of Broadway shows may NOT be available. Contact the theatrical agent for information.
For use of audio recordings on the internet, contact Universal Music Publishing Group.
Making Video Recordings
In order to use Bernstein's compositions in a video recording whether for film, television, documentary, home video or internet use, you must obtain a synchronization license. Universal Music Publishing Group administers synchronization licenses for the vast majority of Bernstein's compositions. In the US contact UMPG's Film and Television Licensing Department for information on application procedures: 310 235 4721. Outside the US, contact the local office as listed on their website: www.umusic.com
If you are performing music using materials rented from Boosey and Hawkes, or if you are making an orchestral recording of any kind, you must obtain their permission for the use of the orchestral materials in the video recording.
To make an archival recording of a live concert performance, contact Boosey & Hawkes. Permission to make archival recordings of Broadway shows may NOT be available. Contact the theatrical agent.
LEONARD BERNSTEIN'S PERFORMANCES ON AUDIO AND VIDEO RECORDINGS
Use of an audio recording involves two categories of rights: the master rights and the music publishing rights. For recordings that have commercially released, please first contact the record company for the master rights. You will find the record company listed in the discography on this website. Please note that the discography may reflect the original record company name. In particular, CBS Records and Sony Records are now SONY/BMG.
If the music on the recording is copyrighted, you must obtain a license from the music publisher. The record company will not be able to provide that to you. Depending on the type of use you wish to make, the record company may also require you to obtain our permission directly for Leonard Bernstein's performing rights and/or the permission of other performers or orchestras who participated in the recording.
The use of excerpts from existing videos tends to be complicated and expensive. Please note that The Leonard Bernstein Office retains rights to Leonard Bernstein's performance in almost all video performances he made. Beware that there are many film libraries that offer material for which they do not own the rights of the performers.
For serious inquiries please contact:
Concert Programs not in the series above produced after 1971: please contact Unitel.
- Young People's Concert Series: The Leonard Bernstein Office
- The Unanswered Questions: The Leonard Bernstein Office
- Ford and Lincoln Series: The Leonard Bernstein Office
- Omnibus Series: Broad Reach
All other programs, please contact The Leonard Bernstein Office for information.
LEONARD BERNSTEIN'S WRITINGS
To quote from Leonard Bernstein writings - books, lectures, letters, essays etc. - please contact The Leonard Bernstein Office, Inc.